Skip to content

Digital Sketches

digital citizen media, ict with a focus on Central Asia and the Middle East.

Category Archives: middle east

We start the day with a visit to Dahshur (Red and Bent Pyramid), have a coffee in Islamic Quarter, visit the Townhouse Gallery, enjoy diner and second beer in Cafe Riche, have a coffee in the posh hotel in Al Azhar Park, visit the theatre El Genaina for an wonderful performance of Donia Massoud, have a drink at the Hotel Odeon roof terrace and finish this night out in the excellent Cairo JazzClub.

Thursday 13 October

Omhelzingen met vertrokken monden, waterige ogen. Het huilen lijkt velen nader dan het lachen bij binnenkomst van de Cite de Scienes in Tunis. ‘We were right. It was worth the risk. We did it.’ De meesten zien elkaar voor het eerst sinds de revoluties van het volk deze lente. Voor anderen is het een weerzien sinds de vorige Arab Bloggers Meeting, in 2009 Beirut. Uit meer dan 15 landen zijn deze circa 100 bloggers en techies weer verzameld.
Twee jaar geleden kwamen ze bij elkaar in een hotel in Beirut; internetgeeks met een visie. De buitenwereld, geen enkel medium, was geïnteresseerd. Hoe anders is de situatie nu, na de zogenaamde Arabische lente. Door het inzetten van social media zoals Facebook en Twitter zijn de Arabische nerds moderne helden. Nu geven onder andere AlJazeera, BBC, Der Spiegel acte de presence op deze Arab Bloggers Meeting (AB11) .Na een publieke eerste dag, volgen drie besloten dagen met een ‘barcamp’ karakter. Iedere aanwezige kan een idee/workshop/kwestie – of wat je ook op je lever hebt- presenteren. Een laagdrempelige aanpak die werkt bij deze eigenwijze types.

Het is wonderlijk ‘off duty’ te zijn; zowel voor hen als voor mij. Er is veel dat aanleiding geeft tot een vervolg. Ik waarschuw voor mijn ‘out of office’ bericht vanaf mijn Hivos adres: afwezig tot 1 Jan 2012. Deze maanden focus ik me op Syrië. Een focus beperkt maar geeft ook rust en vrijheid. Deze gerichtheid op een land doet beseffen hoe weinig ik weet, zelfs als redelijk ingevoerde buitenstaander.
Nog twee rondes van workshops, een afscheidsfeest vanavond en AB11 is voorbij. Dat wordt afkicken. Vervolgens heb ik twee dagen om iets  van Tunis te zien. Om mijn spatjes koloniaal bloed niet te verloochenen, doe ik dat vanuit Grand Hotel de France.

Taking some days off to dive into the yearly International Documentary Festival Amsterdam (IDFA) is one of the biggest treats I can dream of. Most of my festival days start with a huge cup of Americano before I disappear in to cinemas around the Rembrandts square. In between the films I am having coffee and later on wine breaks with friends, filmmakers and other visitors of the festival. Only the hideous Christmas market (Winterland) – filling up almost the whole square – is a disturbing pain in the eyes and ears this year. Ignoring this foolish market as much as possible and watching about 20 films I enjoyed the IDFA 2010 until the very last-minute. A top 3 through the eyes of an advanced amateur:

1. Feathered Cocaine, by Arnarson and Hardarson Alan Parrot was falconer for the Sjah of Iran. Now smugglers are trading – many times illegal – falcons to obsessed oil sheikhs. To the wealthy elite throughout the Arab region falcon hunting is a passion beyond compare. Bedouin tribes of the past used the falcon for hunting game that formed a nutritionally important part of their diet. Today this is no longer necessary but the falcon remains an part of the Arab’s lifestyle and tradition and falconry is an important sporting activity. As a result of the illegal trade certain falcon species are becoming increasingly rare in the wild. Parrot commits himself to the preservation of this endangered species. He devoted himself to his very passionate objective and learns about coincidentally the place of one of Osama Bin Laden’s hunting camp in Iran. This is the place where Bin Laden stays with his entourage and four falcons during the hunting season – October until March.

Strangely enough, the US authorities are not interested in the seemingly solid information and direct sources of Parrot. Maybe because I watched American Coupe (see below) the day before; but somehow the disinterest did not surprise me really. To close; this film is a true visual essay in every sense: – relevant topic – well documented and intelligently opinionated – beautiful film scenes (falcons relaxing and in action, Tajik views, illegal trade situations versus elitist falcon market in Qatar) – excellent storytelling. The part of Bin Laden only enters half an hour before the end. The indifference of the CIA comes as a blow to the audience: to f…unbelievable to be true. One weak point of the film is the title: there are almost no drugs in the film. One of the makers – I did not hear his name clearly because of the background noise in the café – told the birds command prices from 25,000 to 1 million dollar and they are nicknamed ‘feathered cocaine’. That is a shame because a more sexy title would have drawn more interest of the public. How about ‘Osama Bin Laden’s great hobby’?

2. Position among the Stars, by Leonard Retel Helmrich. Much has been written about this beautiful film.  I attended  Retels’s IDFA Masterclass on Friday 19th November in Escape. A few quotes:

`I am trying to catch the moment. To catch what is happening in on single shot and still have all the angles. Like it is shot with several cameras. I want freedom of movement and to move with my camera more flexible in space. This method is based on the theories of the French film critic Andre Bazin who’s books I read only after I finished the film school. Basicly I reinvented his ideas with regards to objective reality’ –  such as documentaries and films of the Italian neo realism school – and directors who made themselves ‘invisible’.’

Single shot cinema comes down to:

–         Shoot the beginning, middle and the end. Framing is not that important but try to keep with the movement of your camera the object of interest in the centre. In this way the material will dictate the editing work afterwards

–         Filming consciously makes that you always will be too late. Use your feeling and intuition: be fluid, invisible and e-motional. Act natural and follow your topic in a organical way. Be in the moment to capture the story. This might sound very Zen but yes I am a Tai Chi practitioner.

–         Knowing the filmhistory. Not only sociology, philosophy and politics but keep a close eye on the inventions: those are changing our way of working. Sound, remote control, hand-held digital camera; they all changed the film world tremendously.’

Helmrich shot 300 hours of material for his film Position among the Stars, he does not use external microphones because people become too aware of being filmed. Also Helmrich does not use much music in his films; only in more symbolic scenes like such as the boy running through the streets with clothing in each hand. The scene with the man walking along the train bridge is shot with the help of a bamboo crane on a dolly riding over the rail track with two persons hanging on each side as counterweights. Helmrich demonstrates some single shot positions with people from the audience, shows how he is handing over the camera to another person down the ladder. All simple but effective ways to move the camera around like it is dancing. Helmrich is like a Leonardo da Vinci dancing with a camera.

3. The Prosecutor, Stevens. A strong film about Luis Moreno-Ocampo, head of the International Criminal Court. It gives a clear insight in the many dillemmas and challenges of this court. Moreno is a megalomaniac but is there another way?

Worth mentioning:

The American coup, Ayella

Tabloid, Morris

Client 9, Gibney

Burma soldier, Dunlop, Sandberg and Stern

This year topics on the agenda of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) – in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt – are amongst others managing critical Internet resources, security, openness, privacy, access and diversity. On Sunday in their opening talks both the Egyptian Prime Minister and the Minister of Telecommunication were stressing especially the economic opportunities internet offers. Not one word was referring to the open character of internet, technical- and content wise.  “Egypt’s legitimacy to host such a meeting is questionable as it has repeatedly been guilty of violations of online free expression,” Reporters Without Borders said.

However minister Tarek Kamel of Communication and Information Technology welcomed explicitly the two fathers of the internet – Sir Tim Berners Lee and Bob Kahn – both very much in favour of an open and inclusive internet. Tim Berners Lee gave a summary of the past twenty years of the Internet existence as we know it. There has been lots of debate about the open structure of internet – transparency and openness versus security and safety. Berners Lee: ‘But two webs will not work, it has to be one web. No matter which device you use. Not only a matter of the language and signs you use. This universality implies an international approach. As time went on, standards did not seem enough. The web had to serve humanity to its up most including the disabled, poor and illiterate.’ Berners Lee than officially launched the World Wide Web Foundation. With support from the Knight Foundation the WWW Foundation will not look at connecting computers or counting webpages: ‘we look at humanity and want to empower the people’. He closed with the announcement of a workshop the next day on the precise goals and tasks of the new foundation.

The IGF has had its political incident just a few hours before. The Open Net Initiative – related to the Hivos partner The Berkman Institute – had their banner removed at the start of their workshop. The banner was taken away by security officer removed because it referred to amongst others Tibet and the Great Firewall of China. After their presentation ONI announced to write a letter to officially protest to the UN/IGF organisation against this act of censorship. Robert J. Deibert: ‘ When we refused to remove it, their security guards bundled it up and took it away. If this is a form of internet governance than how can privacy, access and freedom of expression be seriously discussed at this congress?’

Also read the Jac sm  Kee’s post on GenderIT

including the videoclip on of the situation at the APC website

The Iranian documentary Head Wind about satellite television and internet access was shown at the Amnesty filmfestival Movies That Matter. Despite the fact free access is difficult – though not impossible – Head Wind is a lively film with lots of humour.

Interesting to do the Q&A with Kamran Ashtary.

Last night we viewed this animation documentary in Rialto, a cosy and pleasant cinema in our neighbourhood. I can be short: Waltz with Bashir is impressive. The combination of documentary and animation is a very effective way to visualize personal experiences, in this case in war situations. The film is situated in Libanon. Although it shows more about Israel and its country’s politics in the 80’s.

Walz with Bahir tells the story through the eyes of young soldiers.  A former army friend tells Ari Folman about his recurrent nightmare in which he again is a soldier in the Israeli army.  They were both 19 years when they witnessed a mass killing in the Libanese refugee camps Sabra and Shatila in Beirut.  In a combination of comics and videogames the films shows the madness and confusion of the war. When you are in the opportunity; go and see this film. Other people will have to do with the beautiful website: Waltz with Bashir.

Tags: ,

About 200 bloggers, activists, technologists and journalists of around the world – most of them contributors to Global Voices Online – travelled to Budapest the last weekend of June.

The GV Citizen Media Summit 2008 brought them together for two days of public discussions and workshops. It was a wonderful, energetic, diverse and fascinating gathering. Light-hearted in a serious way. Optimistic and creative despite difficulties and uncertainties. Lots of stories, videos and more can be found via on the Global Voices pages.

Some remarks:

– in closed societies role of diaspora – especially on line – becomes even more important

– who needs press freedom in booming economies, like Singapore? So what to do when your society is not interested in politics, freedom of expression or activism in general?

– Often torturers of bloggers do not have a clue how the internet works. In one example (Morocco) their leading question was: ‘why did you invent’? Comical if it wasn’t so tragic.

For a good impression of the discussions and the atmosphere have a look at ‘The right to blog‘ (pdf), an excellent article of Evgeny Morozov. I also recommend the blogs of the co founders of Global Voices Online; Ethan Zuckerman about collective decision making, the day after the summit; and Rebecca MacKinnon on ideas related to global participatory media.

The Summit 2008 was realized by Georgia, Solana, Sami and David.

For dessert: some really nice photo’s (203) made by Neha Viswanathan.

Tags: , , ,